Biology. Textbook

Content

Chapter I. Cell biology

1.1 Cell structure and types
1.2 Plant and animal tissues

Chapter II. Diversity of living things

2.1 Monomers and polymers
2.2 Carbohydrates and lipids
2.3 Protein

Chapter III. Cell biology

3.1 Diversity of plants
3.2 Kingdom fungi
3.3 Monocots and dicots
3.4 Arthropods and chordates

Chapter IV. Nutrition

4.1 Digestive system
4.2 Structure, function and hygiene of teeth
4.3 Digestive organs
4.4 Prevention of gastrointestinal diseases
4.5 Vitamins

Chapter V. Material transport

5.1 Lymphatic system
5.10 Physical exercises and the heart
5.11 Diseases of human circulatory system
5.2 Blood and its function
5.3 Blood cells
5.4 Immunity. Humoral and cell-mediated immunity
5.5 Infectious diseases
5.6 Immunity. Types of immunity
5.7 Blood types
5.8 Heart and blood vessels
5.9 Circulatory system types

Chapter VI. Respiration

6.1 Gas exchange
6.2 Breathing
6.3 Lung capacity

Chapter VII. Excretiom

7.1 Human excretory system
7.2 Skin
7.3 Skin diseases

Chapter VIII. Movement

8.1 Locomotion system
8.2 Bone structure
8.3 Joints
8.4 Movable joints
8.5 Muscles
8.6 Hypodynamia
8.7 Biomechanics of movement

Chapter IX. Coordination and regulation

9.1 Eye strucure
9.2 Hearing
9.3 Receptors
9.4 Endocrine glands
9.5 Diseases of endocrine system
9.6 Skin receptors
9.7 Thermoregulation

Chapter X. Reproduction

10.1 Cell division type
10.2 Animal reproduction
10.3 Life cycle of mosses and ferns
10.4 Life cycles of gymnosperms and angiosperms

Chapter XI. Embryonic development

11.1 Embryonic development

Chapter XII. Imheritance anad variation

12.1 Role of inheritance and variation in evolution
12.2 Selective breeding
12.3 Origin centers of domestic plants and animals
12.4 Crops and domestic animals of Kazakhstan

Chapter XIII. Biosphere

13.1 Ecosystem
13.2 Population
13.3 Interrelation between living things

Chapter XIV. Human impact on environment

14.1 Preserving and maintaining biodiversity
14.2 Ecological problems of Kazakhstan